The official state demonym, however, is "espírito-santense". [27], In the paper and cellulose sector, Brazilian pulp production was 19.691 million tons in 2019. In May 1999 the first direct international freight connection to the United States Media in category "Lighthouses in Espírito Santo" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. [25][26] In recent years, Espírito Santo has stood out in the production of oil and natural gas. It was elevated to province status in 1821, following the 1815 elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, prompted by the 1808 transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil. The total number of chickens in the state is approximately 9.2 million birds, and that of cattle exceeds 1.8 million heads. Things to Do in State of Espirito Santo, Brazil: See Tripadvisor's 211,913 traveler reviews and photos of State of Espirito Santo tourist attractions. [citation needed]. Les villes principales de l'Espírito Santo (à l'exception de la région du Grand Vitória) sont Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Guarapari, Linhares, Muniz Freire et Vila Velha. The state has 30.1 thousand kilometers of highways, but only 10% are paved. In 1889, with the advent of the First Brazilian Republic, Espírito Santo was made one of the states of Brazil. Small scale farming, which is turning increasingly towards agrotourism, is appealing to its Italian roots to exploit that market. C Cachoeiro Futebol Clube‎ (1 F) Catedral de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim‎ (2 F) In agricultural production, coffee, sugarcane, papaya, banana and coconut stands out. They were the cities of Telêmaco Borba (PR), Três Lagoas (MS), Caravelas (BA), Mucuri (BA), Ortigueira (PR), São Mateus (ES), Dom Eliseu (PR), Nova Viçosa (BA), Water Clara (MS) and Ribas do Rio Pardo (MS).[28][29]. According to the IBGE as of 2012, there were 3,637,000 people residing in the state. [23]. Il est limité par l'océan Atlantique à l'est, le Bahia au nord, le Minas Gerais au nord et à l'ouest et l'État de Rio de Janeiro au sud. L'ÉTAT D'ESPIRITO SANTO (BRÉSIL) ESSAI DE DIVISIONS RÉGIONALES1 (Pl. A more mainstream explanation is that the name is a metaphor for a corn-grower; Vitória Island is known to have been full of corn plantations in the early centuries of Portuguese rule in Brazil. The road system is organized from the BR-101, which crosses Espírito Santo from north to south, bordering the coast. Eurico de Aguiar Salles Airport, which serves Vitória, is located on a plot of land just over 5.2 million square meters (1,300 acres). Technically from the region that is now Syria and Lebanon, they came to the state fleeing World War I. [citation needed] In São Mateus, petroleum reserves have been found on the continental shelf, and are being commercially exploited. Espírito Santo stands out in this sector. Volume 9, Page 34 A new species of Maxillaria (Orchidaceae)from Bolivia. The pre-colonial Amerindians groups in Espírito Santo were the Tupiniquim, the Temininó, the Aymoré, the Puri and the Botocudo. The volcanic islands of Trindade and Martim Vaz, 715 kilometers (444 mi) east of Vitória in the southern Atlantic Ocean, are part of Espírito Santo. 60-75% of the population of Espírito Santo have Italian ancestry, making it the state with the highest percentage of Italian descendants in Brazil. In the urban centers of the capital and Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, practically all the main units of the Espírito Santo transformation industry are concentrated. Microrégions [modifier | modifier le code] 2. L'Espírito Santo est situé à l'est de la région géographique sud-est du Brésil, qui contient aussi les États de São Paulo, du Minas Gerais et de Rio de Janeiro. The 2012 National Research by Household Sample census revealed the following numbers: 1,835,000 White (50.45%), 1,448,000 Brown (Multiracial) (39.81%), 336,000 Black (9.25%), 7,000 Asian (0.19%), 11,000 Indigenous (0.30%). One of the most important lake districts in Brazil lies on the banks of the Doce River. Português: O Espírito Santo é uma das 27 unidades federativas do Brasil. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Large communities were established in the southern part of the state. [24]. Other important river basins include the Santa Maria River Basin, the northern branch of the inlets flowing into the sea near Vitória, and the Jucu River Basin, which flows into the sea at roughly the same place, but corresponds to the southern branch. [9][10][11][12] They founded many towns in the area and have significant influence on Capixaba society. In 1556, after the arrival of European missionaries, the cities Serra, Nova Almeida and Santa Cruz were founded. [citation needed]. Italian food is also an important part of Capixaba cuisine. Espírito Santo, directly translated to “Holy Spirit” in English, is a Brazilian state situated in the southeast of this intriguing South American country. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), the state of Bahia (N), the state of Minas Gerais (N and W), and the state of Rio de Janeiro (S). Another reason for the subdued expansion was the colonial administration's prohibition of the laying roads leading into Minas Gerais, as it was feared gold would be smuggled through the state. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. In 2012, the export basket of Espírito Santo was based on iron ore (52.49%), crude oil (10.87%), chemical pulp made of soda or sulphate wood (10.01%), stone or construction (5.58%) and coffee (4.42%). The area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, and received African slaves and, later, European immigrants of various origins. Domingos Martins also hosts a Colonization Museum, where one can find old photos, artifacts and documents pertaining to that settlement movement. [citation needed], Originally, "capixaba" referred only to people from Vitória, but in common parlance it eventually came to refer to those born anywhere in the state. began operating in Vitória, facilitating American imports to the state of Espírito Santo. Banque Privée Espírito Santo SA en liquidation, c/o Carrard Consulting SA, Rue Pépinet 3, 1003 Lausanne. State of Espirito Santo Tourism: Tripadvisor has 211,505 reviews of State of Espirito Santo Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best State of Espirito Santo resource. There are about 140 thousand barrels a day. Français : L'Espírito Santo est un état brésilien. Large groups of Romani people settled in Espírito Santo's countryside in the late 19th century. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. The recent construction of new aircraft parking boxes on the aprons has increased the airport’s operational efficiency. Esta categoria inclui imagens relacionadas ao município de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Espírito Santo - Brasil. Faz fronteira com o oceano Atlântico a leste, com a Bahia ao norte, com Minas Gerais a oeste e noroeste, e com o estado do Rio de Janeiro ao sul. Espírito Santo is a major steel producer, due to two steel mills present in its territory: ArcelorMittal Tubarão (formerly Companhia Siderúrgica de Tubarão), in the capital Vitória, which, in 2018, produced 7 million tons of crude steel, of the 35.4 million produced in the country; and ArcelorMittal Sul Fluminense (formerly Votorantim Siderurgia), also in the capital, which produced 1 million tons of crude steel in the same year. Brazil was already the 2nd largest producer of the fruit in the world, currently in 3rd place, losing only to India and Ecuador, and produced 6,7 million tons in the same year. North of Doce River is generally drier and also hot. During the Vargas Era, state governors were indirectly elected by Congress. Espírito Santo's exports: manufacturing of iron and steel 35.8%, iron ore 25.2%, paper 17.6%, coffee 7.7%, granite 6.5% (2002). The port of Vitória is the most difficult to access among Brazilian port. Il n'existe pas, dans l'État d'Espirito Santo, d'industrie digne d'être mentionnée, sauf deux filatures et tissés de coton, une fabrique de savon, une d'huile et une brasserie â Victoria. Especially in the 16th century, a number of towns in Espírito Santo were founded with primarily Amerindian populations converted to Catholicism, such as Serra and Santa Cruz. Vitória is one of the 32 airports in the Infraero network that has a cargo terminal. In the south, dairy farming is practiced, and milk is sold, through cooperatives, in the markets of Rio de Janeiro and Vitória. The Portuguese court were fleeing the Napoleonic Invasion of Portugal (1807). Espírito Santo's namesake is the Christian Holy Ghost (also known as the Holy Spirit). more, State of Espirito Santo Bed and Breakfast, State of Espirito Santo Vacation Packages, Last Minute Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, Popular State of Espirito Santo Categories, State of Espirito Santo Ski-In / Ski-Out Hotels, Romantic Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 5-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 4-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 3-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, State of Espirito Santo Hotels with Free Parking, Pet Friendly Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, State of Espirito Santo Hotels with Pools, State of Espirito Santo Cheap Pet Friendly Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Pet Friendly Beach Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Beach Suite Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Cheap Beach Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Pet Friendly Campgrounds, Family Resorts in State of Espirito Santo, Resorts on the Ocean in State of Espirito Santo, All things to do in State of Espirito Santo, Commonly Searched For in State of Espirito Santo, Nature & Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Sights & Landmarks in State of Espirito Santo, Outdoor Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Tours & Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Theater & Concerts in State of Espirito Santo, Transportation in State of Espirito Santo, Boat Tours & Water Sports in State of Espirito Santo, Zoos & Aquariums in State of Espirito Santo, Amusement Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Beach & Pool Clubs in State of Espirito Santo, Horseback Riding Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Speed Boats Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Kayaking & Canoeing in State of Espirito Santo, Parasailing & Paragliding in State of Espirito Santo, Scuba & Snorkelling in State of Espirito Santo, Hiking & Camping Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Zipline & Aerial Adventure Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Other Outdoor Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Stand Up Paddleboarding in State of Espirito Santo, Canyoning & Rappelling Tours in State of Espirito Santo. The tertiary sector is underdeveloped throughout the state. Espírito Santo is a state in southeastern Brazil. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total. A Jahrhunderts in Espirito Santo (Brasilien) : eine Pilotstudie. It is bounded to the north by the state of Bahia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the state of Rio de Janeiro, and to the west and north by the state of Minas Gerais. The first German settlement, Santa Isabel, was founded in 1844, and still stands. Remarks: Les créanciers ont reçu à leur adresse connue deux circulaires de la liquidatrice portant sur la cession de droits de la masse. Espírito Santo from Mapcarta, the free map. Tourism plays an ever-increasing role in the state's economy and is a leading destination in Brazilian domestic tourism, although international tourism is rarer. In 2016, an ongoing drought over much of the state negatively impacted coffee and other crops. They settled on Vitória Island and around the Bay of Vitória. The capital was at first established in Vila Velha, but due to frequent raids by Amerindians, it was moved to the current capital of Vitória, founded on September 8, 1551, on an island near Vila Velha, which was later named Vitória Island. Although relatively small, the industrial park in Espírito Santo is home to chemical, metallurgical, food and paper and cellulose industries. Brazilian forest-based industry exports totaled US $ 9.7 billion (US $ 7.48 billion in cellulose, US $ 2 billion in paper and US $ 265 million in wood panels). Following the elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in 1815, prompted by the transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Espírito Santo was elevated to a province. [citation needed]. Like today's Capixaba Italian community, they still hold on to many aspects of their ancestors' homeland's culture, as represented in festivals such as the Sommerfest in Domingos Martins. Espírito Santo's climate is tropical along the coast, with dry winters and rainy summers. There are important reserves of granite and an incipient extraction of natural gas and oil. It was given this name in reference to the Holy Ghost, believed by some Christian religions to be the third part of a trinity God … It's difficult to pin down the exact numbers of immigrants of each of these groups to Espírito Santo because they usually arrived under a common Austrian-Hungarian passport, or, in the case of the Tyroleans, under a Swiss or Italian passport. In 2020, Espírito Santo harvested almost 3 million tons. In Vitória, ships sail in close proximity to cars and pedestrians. Germans were among the first colonists to cultivate land away from the coastal zone and were a strong influence. This page was last edited on 31 May 2020, at 01:17. The Captaincy of Espírito Santo, a hereditary fief, was granted to Vasco Coutinho by Manuel I of Portugal around three decades after the Portuguese first landed in Brazil in 1500. Données [modifier | modifier le code] La région compte 587 756 habitants pour 8 843 km 2. Espírito Santo was the third largest producer state, with 9.4%. With 46,180 square kilometers (17,830 sq mi), it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, and has a variety of habitats including coastal planes, lakes, mountainous forests, mangroves and many others. [21], In 2018 the state also produced cassava, in a small amount compared to Brazilian production: 115 thousand tons, with the country producing 17 million tons. Espírito Santo is home to the biggest community of East Pomeranian speakers in the world. [1] With an extensive coastline, the state hosts some of the country's main ports, and its beaches are significant tourist attractions. Espírito Santo exports iron produced in Minas Gerais. São Paulo comes in 2nd place, with an 11.5% share of total production. Brazil produced 1,06 million tons in the same year. Find what to do today or anytime in December. VI-VIII.) Situation critique dans l’État de l’Espírito Santo: les autorités doivent veiller à ne pas commettre d’erreurs démanteler la Index AI : AMR 19/026/02 Parce que, depuis longtemps, les atteintes systématiques aux droits humains ne font l’objet d’aucune enquête et … If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. With several discoveries made, mainly by Petrobras, the State left the fifth position in the Brazilian ranking of reserves, in 2002, to become one of the largest oil province in the country, with total reserves of 2.5 billion barrels. Le sud de l'Espírito Santo est l'une des quatre mésorégions de l'État de l'Espírito Santo. On the other hand, the connection of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim to the city of Rio de Janeiro, by paved highway, allowed the incorporation of the region into the Rio de Janeiro milk basin and facilitated the export of agricultural products, such as coffee, corn, manioc, rice and vegetables. However, after the 1964 coup d'état, governors were once again chosen by the national assembly. The location of the port in the city center also results in schedule complications, with limitations resulting from traffic constraints. Oil fields are located both on land and at sea, in shallow, deep and ultra-deep waters, containing light and heavy oil and non-associated gas. The captaincy remained under the influence of Coutinho's family for 140 years. The state's subsoil is rich in minerals, including oil. More recently developed are silviculture and fruit growing, with use for canned fruit and for cellulose production. In the early 20th century, its current state symbols were adopted. Industry consists mainly of canning, forestry, textiles, iron and steel works. The livestock industry is represented primarily by cattle raised for milk and beef. Espírito Santo exports iron produced in Minas Gerais. Lately, a new type of tourism has gained prominence: gastronomic, in which typical Capixaba cuisine, heir to different cultures, is appreciated. [citation needed]. Espírito Santo, 9th place, had a production of 4.1 million m³. Tyrolean settlers were both of German and Italian language and concentrated in the region of Santa Leopoldina and Santa Teresa. El Espíritu Santo deriva del latín Espiritus Sanctus que se refiere a la gracia divina que se revela para entrar en comunión con los creyentes con el fin de contactarse con Cristo o con Dios, en otras palabras, el Espíritu Santo es el que despierta la fe cristiana. To this day they continue centuries old customs within their communities. The area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, and received African slaves and, later, European immigrants of various origins. Espírito Santo[a] (UK: /ɛˌspɪrɪtuː ˈsæntuː/,[4] US: /əˌ- ... ˈsɑːn-/,[5] Portuguese: [esˈpiɾitu ˈsɐ̃tu] (listen);[b] meaning "Holy Spirit") is a state in southeastern Brazil. La Banco Do Estado Do Espirito Santo, ou Banestes, est une institution financière publique contrôlée par l'État qui possède plus de sept décennies d'expérience sur le marché financier brésilien. The capital, Vitória, is located on an island, next to Guarapari, which constitutes the state's main metro area. Un nouvel hybride naturel de Cattleya (Orchidaceae) de l´état d'Espírito Santo (Brésil) Volume 9, Page 30 A new Maxillaria from Colombia and Ecuador. The federative units of Brazil (Portuguese: unidades federativas do Brasil) are subnational entities with a certain degree of autonomy (self-government, self-regulation and self-collection) and endowed with their own government and constitution, which together form the Federative Republic of Brazil.There are 26 states (estados) and one federal district (distrito federal). This Brazilian state is in the east of the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which also contains the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro. The country exported 2.163 million tons. [22], Espírito Santo had an orange production of around 18 thousand tons in 2018, the country's 14th largest producer state. "Gloria" lleva en sí la idea de honor y de alabanza ascripta en la adoración. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. Tercero, el Espíritu Santo nos libera de la ignorancia y nos trae conocimiento. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Atual Farol de Regencia.jpg 1,200 × 1,600; 781 KB Emperor Pedro II, who was on good terms with the provincial President, visited the Espírito Santo in 1860, during one of his tours of Brazil. He was followed by four other appointed governors (José Horácio Costa, Constante Gomes Sodré, Henrique da Silva Coutinho and Antônio Gomez Aguirre) until the first elected governor of Espírito Santo, Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida, was inaugurated on June 7, 1891. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. As at the time they were Ottoman Empire citizens, they were commonly called 'Turcos' (Turks). Romanians (especially from Transylvania and Bukovina) and Roma usually arrived under Austrian passports. Espírito Santo a l'océan Atlantique à l'est, Bahia au nord, Minas Gerais à l'ouest et au nord-ouest et l'État de Rio de Janeiro au sud. [13][15][16][17], Espírito Santo was the 7th largest national producer of banana in 2018, with 408 thousand tons. About industry, Espírito Santo in 2017 had an industrial GDP of R$ 21.3 billion, equivalent to 1.8% of the national industry. Get this from a library! Slavery started losing its economic importance in Espírito Santo after that event. It employs 168,357 workers in the industry. The state is often referred to by its official abbreviation, Largest cities or towns in Espírito Santo, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida, "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics", "Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística", "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017", "Imigração italiana por Estados e Regiões do Brasil (in Portuguese)", "Espírito Santo, lo stato più veneto del Brasile", Consulado italiano vai abrir dois escritórios em Vitória para agilizar pedidos de cidadania (in Portuguese), Sobre a composição étnica da população capixaba (in Portuguese), IBGE prevê safra recorde de grãos em 2020, Coagro espera a melhor safra da cana-de-açúcar dos últimos quatro anos, ACOMPANHAMENTO DA SAFRA BRASILEIRA DE CANA DE AÇÚCAR MAIO 2019, Custo de produção de banana no sudeste paraense, Composição do PIB do estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio aumenta sua participação na produção nacional de petróleo e gás, Made in Espírito Santo: celulose capixaba é usada em papel até do outro lado do mundo, São Mateus é o 6º maior produtor de madeira em tora para papel e celulose no país, diz IBGE, DENATRAN - Frota nacional de veículos 2016, Número de aparelhos celulares ultrapassa 4 milhões no Espírito Santo, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), "Significado das cores da bandeira capixaba", Brazilian Portal with information about Espírito Santo and Brazil, The German Colonists in the Brazilian State of Espírito Santo, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, "Estimativas da população residente nos municípios brasileiros com data de referência em 1º de julho de 2011", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Espírito_Santo&oldid=993284090, States and territories established in 1889, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with empty sections from March 2018, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, capixaba, espiritossantense or espirito-santense, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 20:19. [33], Location of State of Espírito Santo in Brazil. Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil. These 5 sectors concentrate 69.9% of the state's industry. We have reviews of the best places to see in State of Espirito Santo. São Paulo comes in 2nd place, with an 11.5% share of total production. More than a century after arriving to Espírito Santo, the East Pomeranian continues to be spoken and remains an important part of Espírito Santo's heritage for many people. In mineral extraction, there is exploration, in the Cachoeiro de Itapemirim area, of reserves of marbles, limestone and dolomite. Ya hemos leído en Juan 14:26 las palabras de Jesús: «El Consolador, el Espíritu Santo, a quien el Padre enviará en mi nombre, él os enseñará todas las cosas, y os recordará todo lo que yo os he dicho». In the mineral extractive industry, in 2019, Rio de Janeiro was the largest producer of oil and natural gas in Brazil, with 71% of the total volume produced. [20], The state was the 5th largest producer of coconut in Brazil in 2009, with 157 million fruits. [13][14], Brazil is the world's biggest productor of sugarcane, with 672 million tons/year. Subcategories. Sands and marbles are also important products of Espírito Santo extractivism. However, commercial activity acquires a certain importance with iron ore exports from Minas Gerais, through the Vitória a Minas Railway and is shipped at the ports of Atalaia and Ponta do Tubarão. In 2016, the top five states producing logs for paper and cellulose (mainly eucalyptus) were: Paraná (15.9 million m³), São Paulo (14.7 million m³) , Bahia (13.6 million m³), Mato Grosso do Sul (9.9 million m³) and Minas Gerais (7.8 million m³). Democratic elections were held for the filling of every term, up to the incumbent, Renato Casagrande. Vitória is an important port for the exporting of iron and steel; the state is among the biggest steel-producing regions the world. [citation needed]. The country exported US $ 7.48 billion in pulp this year, US $ 3.25 billion only to China. The steel industries are located in the capital Vitória: Companhia Ferro e Aço de Vitória, iron ore pelletizing plant of Companhia Vale do Rio Doce; lumber, textiles, crockery, instant coffee, chocolates and refrigerators. The passenger terminal has a constructed area of nearly 4,000 square meters (43,000 sq ft), a check-in concourse, 25 check-in counters and boarding and arrival lounges. There is debate as to the origin of the term capixaba, the unofficial demonym for those born in Espírito Santo. In 2017, Minas accounted for 54.3% of the total national coffee production (1st place), Espírito Santo accounted for 19.7% (second place) and São Paulo, 9.8% (third place). Subcategories. El Espíritu Santo, el don de Dios "Dios es Amor" (Jn 4,8-16) y el Amor que es el primer don, contiene todos los demás. In the mineral extractive industry, in 2019, Rio de Janeiro was the largest producer of oil and natural gas in Brazil, with 71% of the total volume produced. [citation needed]. Together, they correspond to 72.7% of the national production of 85.1 million m³. They have largely been absorbed into the Portuguese-Brazilian civilization, and few live in reservations or tribes. "Capixaba" is Tupi for "corn hair", reportedly because the blond hair of the European settlers reminded the Amerindian natives of the golden color of corn. Now their descendants control a good share of the local commerce. — L'État d'Espirito Santo appartient à la même famille que l'État de Rio de Janeiro. In the Itapemirim river valley, cement, sugar and alcohol and canned fruit industries are developed. Coastal cuisine is an attraction, with moqueca capixaba and other local seafood dishes among traditional offerings. Its area includes the uninhabited offshore islands of … Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The first African slaves in Espírito Santo arrived in Vitória in 1609; and years of slavery ensued. Urbanization: 82.2% (2006); Population growth: 2% (1991–2000); Houses: 1,056,000 (2006).[8].

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